A Brief Introduction To Rumba Dance Cuba

Rumba Dance Cuba

Have you ever watched ballroom dancers? Then surely, you might have come across Rumba. This Cuban based theatrical dance style spread stories of passion and love between the partners. Rumba is full of sensual movements and is often considered as ‘sexiest of all dance forms.” But what makes this slow and serious dance form so popular?

Read the fascinating history of Rumba dance Cuba and the basics of this sassy Latin dance style.

Introduction To Rumba Dance Cuba
Introduction To Rumba Dance Cuba

History Of Rumba Dance Cuba

Rumba was originally born in West Indies and grew up in Cuba in the 1800s. The word “Rumba” is Cuban slang used for the party. It’s a combination of several dance styles and music that got developed on the island. Some of the popular music includes Naningo, Guaracha, Guajira, Danzon, and Son. From this mixture, multiple rhythmic patterns arise in musical form.

African folk dance has a significant role in forming the rumba dance style. At parties, ladies dance with a defensive attitude to their male partner. Later, the dance form modified from the Cuban “Bolero-Son” dance. It incorporates small steps and hip movements of the dancer along with bending knees.

How It Became So Popular?

Rumba became well-known because of the movie industries during the 1930s. That’s how it began representing the essence of rhythmic body motions and romantic subtleties. You will be surprised to hear that Rumba has influenced ballroom dance.

Rumba Characteristics

Rumba dancers embody a smooth, sensual and sassy manner. The move-set is specific in the details. However, connecting with the partner is the most important feature. The toes of the dancers remain at a diagonal to achieve favorite Cuban motion and hip movement.

The funniest fact about Rumba is that it’s the slowest of all international Latin styles (salsa). In America, it’s more like a big-band reinterpretation of jazz. It doesn’t even sound like the original Cuban Rumba.

Rumba Dance Cuba Music

Rumba’s music is either a 4/4-or 2/4-time signature. It is mostly used with a steady, smooth beat and strong percussion. Typical instruments used are conga drums, clave, and another percussion-like bells.

Moreover, the rhythm is widespread in pop music. Thus, it’s fairly easy to figure out contemporary pop music without Latin beats, but it works nicely for Rumba. That’s why it is said that Rumba’s music is super fun and highly versatile.

Rumba Steps

Steps Of Rumba Dance Cuba
Steps Of Rumba Dance Cuba

As we know, rhythm in Rumba stays slow but quick, so it includes two steps every time one beats ticks. You can consider it like a box step (waltz).

Since it’s a Latin style, the hip always remains active and moving. Other than this, you can see a few steps borrowed from salsa like shoulder checks and cross-body leads.

The dancers held in a conventional frame position with the left arm at 90° to the floor. Thus, creating a tighter frame to add a pinch of intimacy and flavor.


Now you are familiar with the movements and music of Rumba in Cuba. If you are in Cuba, you can see the dance style in marginal neighborhood cities like Matanzas and Havana. If you haven’t seen it yet, go and see how dancers evoke sensuality, joy, and grace. Surely, you will fall in love with Rumba dance Cuba.  

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