Rumba Cuban Dance – The Origin And Everything Else

rumba cubana dance

Rumba is a musical dance with singing and percussion based on African themes and traditions and working alongside the modalities of secular nature of songs, adding a composite fervor in its singing.


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The place of its origin is in the northern parts of Cuban as its genesis can be traced back to places like Havana along with the Matanzas region in the late nineteenth century. It is from the dancing traditions of percussive rhythmic movements of the body parts, and the name derives its meanings from the Spanish word “”rumba,”” meaning party or occasional sprees that are happening. As it originated from the African slaves in Cuba, there is a feel of African traditional music. The feeling is many fast-paced bodily movements and at times represents the pursuits of staccato beats that the dancers explicitly show.

Types Of Rumba

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The various Rumba styles are Guaguanco along with Yambo and Columbia forms of dances. They are played on wooden boxes, which are played on boxes known as cajones of varying sizes and equivalent to that of modern times. It is rooted in Cuba’sCuba’s official culture but has rhythmically embodied into Cubans’ lives as it forms the basis of music in general. The partners perform the slow dance movements with music in the background, which can be done with great effectiveness. Its originality was lying in the facts as a protest of freedom movements and was a form of expression the people that are denied freedom from slavery, and the dancers show these expressions in their dance by doing a kind of pelvis thrusting done by both males and female counterparts.

Basic Elements Of Rumba

The elementary parts of the dance are the bodily movements to and fro with a quick and slow combination of movements and distinctive side hip movements. At times, the hip movements look like been exaggerated as these are not generated by the hips, but slow and gradual movements of the foot and ankles as weights are rhythmically transferred on them. The first two steps are supported by two beats resulting from one step, each happening with one beat. However, at times when the similarities of movements are at the end, the hips are becoming much active and are moving in a typical Cuban style. It is regarded as a fast bodily movement characterized by the spicy music in the background and is traditionally embedded into the Cuban society as dance showing much love and compassion towards each other. The music associated with Rumba is much serene and sensual towards hearing as the time signature per beats and tempo generated are in very much accordance with the tranquil modes of music and are strongly accented with characters dancing along with it.


Rumba dancing has given birth to a hip-hop culture that has ushered in showing the way towards freestyle dancing by attracting people towards them and, in turn, creating a group of dancers who comply with the African traditions and beliefs.

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