Samba Dance – Delving Into The Rich Legacy


A person in a blue dress

Hey! Do you know the popular Samba dance? Brazil means Samba dance. Whether it is sports, music, or any other cultural events, Samba is steeped deep into the Brazilian culture.

Samba, The Word And Its Roots

The word, ‘samba’ is a popular genre of music and also a popular style of dance. The roots of Samba can find themselves in Africa during the times of the slave trade of West Africa, particularly popular in the regions of Angola and Congo. Samba de Roda is the pioneering genre from Bahia, in the Northeastern part of Bahia, from which it derived.

You can divide Samba into different forms, segmented by their distinctive African drumming and rhythmic structures, distinctive by their polyrhythm of Beat and Off-Beat.

Samba Dance - Delving Into The Rich Legacy
Samba Dance – Delving Into The Rich Legacy

Samba And The Carnival

Brazil and its carnival are the only things that strike our mind whenever we speak of Samba. You can relate Samba to Brazil since it was first discovered. Moreover, gradually, as it grew, it evolved to be known as the primary identity of Brazil as a nation. UNESCO included Bahian Samba de Roda in the Intangible Cultural Heritage List.

Samba Dance – As It Stands Now

Though Samba existed since ancient times, it was not earlier than the 20th century that the modern form of Samba came into being. The music and dance form that exists now is primarily known for its 2/4 time signature, along with the conscious use of a sung chorus to a batucada rhythm. Besides, it also has varied stanzas which comprise of declaratory verses. 

When it comes to music, you can play Samba with the help of the string instruments. Among them, cavaquinho and different types of guitar are common. In the percussion section, Samba engages an array of devices like the tamborim. However, due to the heavy influence of the American orchestras, after the Second World War, coupled with the cultural impact of the US music post-war, trombones, trumpets, choros came to use in it. Flutes and clarinets have also made their places popularly since then. 

Samba Dance And The Culture Surrounding It

With the distinctive rhythms and meters that Samba evokes, it brings a whole history of food, dances of different forms – Miudinho, Coco, Samba De Roda, and Pernada and apparel like Linen shirts, which are common for parties.

Numerous community artists, which include sculptors, painters, stylists, and designers, paint clothes, carnival floats, costumes, and cars, since forever. Moreover, ballroom samba is a famous style from Brazil, which emerges in multiple forms.

Samba Dance - Delving Into The Rich Legacy
Samba Dance – Delving Into The Rich Legacy

December 2 is famous as the National Samba Day all around the world. Luis Monteiro da Costa, an alderman of Salvador, initially fixed a specific day for Samba. The widely regarded dance and music genre samba is in honor of Ary Barroso. Samba is a popular dance form, known for its cultural beauty.

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